These are sources that should become part of the permanent professional reference collection for any dual language immersion practitioner or scholar.

  1. Fortune, T.W. & Tedick, D.J. (2008) (Ed.), Pathways for Multilingualism: Evolving perspectives on immersion education. Clevedon, England: Multilingual Matters, LTD

Fortune and Tedick have compiled a comprehensive look at language immersion education from multiple perspectives. This reference addresses the topics of historical overview of immersion education.

  1. Cloud, N., Genesee, F., & Hamayan , E. (2202). Dual language instruction: A handbook for enriched education. Boston, MA: Heinle/Cengage Learning.

Cloud and Genesee have written a seminal piece on dual language instruction. This source is rich in research references on the benefits of DLI and its critical components, as well as criteria for considering in program implementation. This resource is aimed at informing both the critical characteristics of dual language immersion education and program types.

  1. Fortune, T. W. (2010). Struggling Learners and language immersion education.Minnesota. Minneapolis, MN: Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition, University of Minnesota.

Fortune provides a thorough review of research that informs the profile of struggling learners in the language immersion setting and provides criteria for addressing these students. Examples of the applied criteria are illustrated through case studies

  1. Thomas, W.P. & Collier, V.P. (2012). Dual Language Education For a Transformed World. Albuquerque, NM: Fuente Press.

The Colliers have replicated their previous studies examining the effectiveness of dual language immersion programs for minority students in the context of the demands of a global society.

  1. Tedick, D. J., Christian, D. & Fortune, T. W. (Eds.). (2011). Immersion education: Practices, policies, possibilities. Bristol, England: Multilingual Matters, Ltd.

This source is particularly helpful in giving perspective on how DLI has evolved, where it has been and implications for future advocacy of DLI education.

6. Hamayan, E., Genesee, F. & Cloud, N. (2013). Dual language Instruction from A to Z.
Portmouth, NH: Heineman